Partikel dasar korean 이, 가, 에 dan 있다/없다

Setelah sekian lama ngga pernah update pelajaran korea >.<

Lets learn it together!!!😀

****

이 dan 가 dalam kalimat menunjukan subjek kalimat. Terletak di akhir kata benda.
Kata benda dengan akhiran huruf vokal +가
Kata benda dengan akhiran huruf konsonan +이
Ex :

– 아파트 [가] 큽니다. The apartement is large
– 나무 [가] 작습니다. The tree is small
– 김일병 [이] 있습니다. Kim is here
– 산 [이] 없습니다. There are no mountains
___________________________________________________________________

Peletakan 에 memiliki arti seperti dalam bahasa inggris
at,on,in, atau to.
Ex:

– 미스박이 교실[에] 있습니까?.  Is miss park [in] the classroom?
– 아니오, 식당[에] 있습니다. No, she’s [at] the dining hall.
– 식당이 이 빌딩[에] 있습니까? Is the restaurant located [in] this
building?
– 아니오, 산 위[에] 있습니다. No, it’s [on] the hill.
___________________________________________________________________

Expressing possession/ menyatakan kepemilikan.
Kata kerja있다/없다 digunakan dengan posisi di belakang-에 berarti
keberadaan atau lokasi subjek tersebut.(sesuatu / seseorang)
Ex:

– 서올이 한국[에 있습니다]. Seoul is in Korea.
– 권소희씨가 학교[에 있습니다]. Ms.Kwon Sohee is at school.
Kalau ingin mengekspresikan seseorang memiliki sesuatu dalam
korea. Sesuatu yg dimiliki adalah subjek kalimat nya.
Pemiliknya namun akan tampak seperti topik lain dalam kalimat yang sama.

박 하사가 + 딸이 + 있습니다
Pemilik dimiliki
Ex:

– 김 선생님, 컴퓨터가 있습니까?
Mr.Kim, do you have a computer?
네, 제가 컴퓨터가 있습니다.
Yes, i have a computer.
– 박 하사가 아이들이 있습니까?
Does SGT Park have children?
네, 박 하사가 딸이 하나 있습니다.
Yes, SGT Park has a daugther.
아들이 없습니다.
He doesn’t have a son.

 

source : facebook (sorry im forget her name *mianhaeyoo)

About mandafishy

Iam just me! Nothing more nothing less and im not pretty but im the best :D Called me just MISS. SIMPLE

Posted on June 15, 2011, in Learn Hangul and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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